The Fastest-Growing Plant In The World

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Bamboo is the world’s fastest growing plant thanks to the cell elongation process it shares with all grasses and its unique cell wall layering adaptation, allowing it to shoot up to 100 ft (30m) in just 8 weeks.

Thanks also to our Patreon patrons https://www.patreon.com/MinuteEarth and our YouTube members.
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To learn more, start your googling with these keywords:

Rhizome: a continuously growing horizontal underground stem which puts out lateral shoots and roots at intervals
Vacuole: an organelle within the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosed by a membrane and typically containing fluid, whose main purpose in plants is to maintain pressure against the cell wall
Microfibrils: fiber-like strands consisting of glycoproteins and cellulose that make up the cell wall structure
Auxin: a plant hormone which causes the elongation of cells in shoots and is involved in regulating plant growth
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If you liked this week’s video, you might also like:
Fastest growing plant record – https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/fastest-growing-plant
Grass: An Introduction – https://lizzieharper.co.uk/2018/06/grass-an-introduction/
Bamboo Shoot Timelapse – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=77Pgqf0rTbY
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Credits (and Twitter handles):
Video Narrator, Script Writer, and Co-Director: Julián Gustavo Gómez (@thejuliangomez)
Script Editor: David Goldenberg (@dgoldenberg)
Video Illustrator and Co-Director: Ever Salazar (@eversalazar)
With Contributions From: Henry Reich, Alex Reich, Kate Yoshida, Peter Reich, Sarah Berman, Arcadi Garcia Rius
Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

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References:

Velasquez, Silvia Melina, et al. “Auxin and cellular elongation.” Plant Physiology 170.3 (2016): 1206-1215.

Nonami, Hiroshi. “Plant water relations and control of cell elongation at low water potentials.” Journal of Plant Research 111.3 (1998): 373-382.

Wei, Qiang, et al. “Cellular and molecular characterizations of a slow-growth variant provide insights into the fast growth of bamboo.” Tree physiology 38.4 (2018): 641-654.

Li, Long, et al. “The association of hormone signalling genes, transcription and changes in shoot anatomy during moso bamboo growth.” Plant biotechnology journal 16.1 (2018): 72-85.

Gritsch, Cristina Sanchis, Gunnar Kleist, and Richard J. Murphy. “Developmental changes in cell wall structure of phloem fibres of the bamboo Dendrocalamus asper.” Annals of Botany 94.4 (2004): 497-505.

Gamuyao, Rico, et al. “Hormone distribution and transcriptome profiles in bamboo shoots provide insights on bamboo stem emergence and growth.” Plant and Cell Physiology 58.4 (2017): 702-716.

Wysocki, William P., et al. “Evolution of the bamboos (Bambusoideae; Poaceae): a full plastome phylogenomic analysis.” BMC evolutionary biology 15.1 (2015): 50.

Cosgrove, Daniel J. “Catalysts of plant cell wall loosening.” F1000Research 5 (2016).

Lodish, Harvey, et al. “Molecular cell biology 4th edition.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, Bookshelf (2000).

Perrot-Rechenmann, Catherine. “Cellular responses to auxin: division versus expansion.” Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology 2.5 (2010): a001446.

Gritsch, Cristina Sanchis, and Richard J. Murphy. “Ultrastructure of fibre and parenchyma cell walls during early stages of culm development in Dendrocalamus asper.” Annals of botany 95.4 (2005): 619-629.

Lybeer, Bieke, et al. “Lignification and cell wall thickening in nodes of Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens and Phyllostachys nigra.” Annals of botany 97.4 (2006): 529-539.

Tsuyama, Taku, et al. “Lignification in developing culms of bamboo Sinobambusa tootsik.” Journal of Wood Science 63.6 (2017): 551-559.

Gibert, Anaïs, et al. “On the link between functional traits and growth rate: meta‐analysis shows effects change with plant size, as predicted.” Journal of Ecology 104.5 (2016): 1488-1503.

50 Comments

  1. ye mum on March 29, 2021 at 11:14 pm

    they just turned the random tick speed up

  2. Scaldthedragon on March 29, 2021 at 11:16 pm

    I’ve already read the wof series from 1-13

  3. Cianitrihs Khour on March 29, 2021 at 11:16 pm

    As someone who read the first set of Wings of Fire books, I salute you on your description! It’s both smart and funny!

  4. Allyson nightshade on March 29, 2021 at 11:17 pm

    Soooo…. Bamboo is related to rice :3 that new thank you for teaching us that

  5. W. D. Gaster And the Skelebros on March 29, 2021 at 11:21 pm

    2:06 from someone who’s read the entire series I also recommend wings of fire it’s great

  6. Global Warrior on March 29, 2021 at 11:23 pm

    No wonder Bamboo is used to create scaffolding in minecraft

  7. cameron peake on March 29, 2021 at 11:23 pm

    Not even 3 whole minutes and the last minute was an ad, fantastic

  8. adem mujkanovic on March 29, 2021 at 11:24 pm

    Bamboo be like:
    Im speed

  9. Yoyo9563 on March 29, 2021 at 11:27 pm

    *Maybe I could eat blades of grass*

    well he ain’t entirely wrong

  10. Htut Arkar on March 29, 2021 at 11:28 pm

    Fast food

  11. MinuteEarth on March 29, 2021 at 11:30 pm

    Thanks to viewer support, we’ve been able to bamboost MinuteEarth’s growth! Want to become our Patreon or member on YouTube? Just visit https://www.patreon.com/MinuteEarth or click "JOIN". Thanks!

  12. Vivian Thalia Choa Zhu on March 29, 2021 at 11:30 pm

    each time we learn something new

  13. Randy Anderson on March 29, 2021 at 11:30 pm

    i love panda exprasyou you love it????

  14. mayoite160 on March 29, 2021 at 11:31 pm

    you should’ve mentioned another freaky fact of bamboo biology: they flower only once in their life and then promptly die

  15. Daniel Hermstad on March 29, 2021 at 11:31 pm

    If trees die bambos Will save us

  16. C M on March 29, 2021 at 11:32 pm

    My neighbor had so many of those that they were taller than my house and it over grew my fence

  17. Hannah Walters on March 29, 2021 at 11:32 pm

    Interesting. Have a blessed day

  18. Jolly Salvador on March 29, 2021 at 11:34 pm

    *LAUGHS IN TOTURE*

  19. မိုးကြိုး on March 29, 2021 at 11:35 pm

    My garden disappeared in bamboo ahah

  20. i ZZ on March 29, 2021 at 11:35 pm

    I like to eat bamboo shoots..especially cooking chicken curry with bamboo shoots..taste amazing

  21. Luna on March 29, 2021 at 11:36 pm

    The world record for the fastest growing plant belongs to certain species of the 45 genera of bamboo, which have been found to grow at up to 91 cm (35 in) per day or at a rate of 0.00003 km/h (0.00002 mph). According to the RHS Dictionary of Gardening, there are approximately 1,000 species of bamboos.

  22. ElectricErger on March 29, 2021 at 11:37 pm

    What about Kudzu, the most destructive invasive species ever

  23. Teacher Hayes on March 29, 2021 at 11:38 pm

    "Giving pandas a new meaning to the term ‘fast food’."
    Why does this sentence include the word ‘pandas’? It doesn’t make much sense.

  24. Rekha Boyalapalli on March 29, 2021 at 11:39 pm

    Good news we can start bamboo farms for wood instead of destroying forest

  25. Michael Watson on March 29, 2021 at 11:40 pm

    Textin 500500 doesn’t seem to work in Australia

  26. Kim Nguyen on March 29, 2021 at 11:40 pm

    Did you know pandas eat the stuff INSIDE bamboo not the actual bamboo

  27. LuckyBamboo on March 29, 2021 at 11:42 pm

    yes

  28. Mandrake on March 29, 2021 at 11:44 pm

    the fact bamboo is actually just grass really changed my idea on what they were

  29. OneGreenSeaTurtle on March 29, 2021 at 11:44 pm

    If only Forrests re-grew this fast =(

  30. mindy on March 29, 2021 at 11:44 pm

    No wonder why in my old house I have bamboo growing in my backyard. I don’t know what causes it to get growing so fast I had no idea why

  31. Another Level on March 29, 2021 at 11:47 pm

    Heed this

    Divine Warning:

    "THE FINAL JUDGEMENT" phase

    Please do not ignore, there are no in betweens, you must choose… Righteousness or evil?!

    Share with others!!!

  32. luz on March 29, 2021 at 11:49 pm

    0:22
    badum shhh

  33. tegaroh on March 29, 2021 at 11:50 pm

    I just like to imagine 1:41 bamboo is sitting on a chair made from the enemy tree

  34. waffle man on March 29, 2021 at 11:50 pm

    Bamboo isn’t invasive. Y’all just too soft.

    Tell that to the island species.

  35. maymay ip on March 29, 2021 at 11:50 pm

    I guess Bamboo Bamboozald you

  36. Tronation on March 29, 2021 at 11:52 pm

    What about Bamboo Torture?

  37. sabrina libera on March 29, 2021 at 11:54 pm

    Worlds oldest people: finally a worthy aponant our battle will be legendary

  38. Sakonema on March 30, 2021 at 12:01 am

    So why are the REAL bamboo videos of 4 years growth so pathertic looking? Lest than an arms legth. We are being scammed.

  39. minimidoriみに みどり on March 30, 2021 at 12:01 am

    Oh no! We got *bamboozled*

  40. edria_yudayana on March 30, 2021 at 12:02 am

    Is grass’s cell is a ballon?

  41. i am a Catt on March 30, 2021 at 12:03 am

    did he just recommend WoF?
    (winter is mah fav btw)

  42. Nadine Natalie on March 30, 2021 at 12:04 am

    I want some seeds

  43. Vyien Montemayor on March 30, 2021 at 12:11 am

    Spam bamboo shoot foods

  44. Floofy Chill on March 30, 2021 at 12:11 am

    Minceraft

  45. UnstoppableLeaf on March 30, 2021 at 12:11 am

    Me who built a zero tick bamboo farm in minecraft: I am some what of a genius myself

  46. Floofy Chill on March 30, 2021 at 12:11 am

    1:07
    Don’t temp me like this

  47. Luke iPanda on March 30, 2021 at 12:12 am

    Bamboos can be grown to be harvested, grinded, burned in thermal power plants. Solid biofuel.

  48. Vim Alcel Naraga on March 30, 2021 at 12:12 am

    So if we had bamboo plants all over the planet, the game would lag so hard we get redirected to the title screen.

  49. Trace Buffington on March 30, 2021 at 12:14 am

    My gf has bamboo growing behind her grandparents house even though we live in the USA its because her great Grandpa planted it.

  50. Fox on March 30, 2021 at 12:14 am

    So pandas are black and white and eat grass. Like cows

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